My Father Who Art in Heaven


It’s Father’s Day around the globe and people would pay homage to their fathers today. I would like to use this brief opportunity to give my father a praise that he deserves. My father taught me the practicalities of life. Without his labor and discipline, I might not be where I am today. He might not be perfect, just as I am not a perfect son, but he’s all that I need and will ever need. If the LORD wills, I hope to be like him – a father with hits and misses; nevertheless, a good father indeed. I thank God for him.

This Lord’s Day, we should give the honour ultimately to our heavenly Father. The Bible expressly and commonly speaks of God as our “Father.” In the Old Testament, God is a father to the Israelite nation (Deuteronomy 32:6; 1 Chronicles 29:10; Jeremiah 31:9; Isaiah 64:8; Proverbs 3:11-12; etc.). He called them His children (Exodus 4:22, 23; Deuteronomy 1:31; Hosea 11:1; Psalm 103:13; etc.). The New Testament addressed God the same way in many occasions; too many that it would take another blogpost to cite all of them. In this way, God reveals Himself in a language that we could understand, that is, in relation to us. He came down to our level and communicated to us in a way we can comprehend, like a father talking to his infant child. If our earthly fathers reflect our heavenly Father, then how great a loving Father our God is, for the original is way better than the copies. And, if our words only correspond to how our minds could conceive reality as God accommodates to us, how great a Father our God is in all His perfection!

In order to show this truth, I will use some analogy drawn from the life of my father.

When my father got laid off as a worker from a manufacturing company, he bought a tricycle from his post-employment benefit fund. My father worked day by day to ensure that our needs would be attended for. How much more is our heavenly Father! He knows and provides everything that we need as His children, both physically and spiritually (Matthew 6:31-33). “Those who seek the LORD lack no good thing” (Psalm 34:10). Our Lord Jesus Christ reassures us: “Therefore I tell you, do not be anxious about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink, nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing? Look at the birds of the air: they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they? And which of you by being anxious can add a single hour to his span of life?” (Matthew 6:25-27). Since God is our Father, we will be content with what we have and confident that our needs will be satisfied because we know that it is our Father in heaven who provides. A brother of mine posted recently in Facebook this chunk of gold: we possess everything because we belong to Christ who belongs to God (1 Corinthians 3:21-23). Whatever He provides us we should use for His glory and for the care of our brothers and sisters in the faith.

During my student years (up until I found a job), my father became proud of me whenever I achieved something good. He always speaks well of me in front of his peers and relatives. He is very pleased with me. How much more is our heavenly Father! To borrow from a popular line from Timothy Keller: “because I am in Christ, the Son in whom the Father is well pleased, I am now a son in whom the Father is also well pleased.” This stops me from seeking validation—and even redemption out of my created idol—from other people’s impressions. Why would I enslave myself under the spell of others’ approval if the Heavenly Father already smiles upon me as one of His beloved sons because of His beloved Son?

Back when I was a child, my father fashioned a walking crib out of rattan wood and attached wheels to it so that I could learn to walk. I could also remember when I received a failing grade in college. He was disappointed at first but he understood and hoped that things would eventually turn out good. A father will not disown his own. From the very beginning up until now, he supports me in every step of the way. How much more is our heavenly Father! Because of God’s work without and within us, we may freely and humbly walk with Him. In our walk in this valley, we might stumble in many times and in many ways, but God will lead us by the hand like a father to his child. Even if we fail, He remains faithful. We already received the verdict in Christ, and because of His Son, God is our merciful Father. “As a father shows compassion to his children, so the Lord shows compassion to those who fear him. For he knows our frame; he remembers that we are dust” (Psalm 103:13-14). And, He is there to support and strengthen us with His grace “for He has said ‘I will never leave you nor forsake you.’ So we can confidently say, the Lord is my helper; I will not fear; what can man do to me?’” (Hebrews 13:5-6). There will be times when the Father will discipline us but He does so because He loves us and wants us to share in His holiness (1 Corinthians 11:32; Hebrews 12:5-11).

All of these benefits we enjoy only because of Christ. It was sin that stripped us from the loving communion of God and made us children of wrath. “But God, being rich in mercy, because of the great love with which he loved us, even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ” (Ephesians 2:3-5). In Christ, we are adopted as sons and daughters; His Father became our Father. And, by being united with Him, we receive all the love that the Father has for the Son. Because of Christ, we are made heirs to the inheritance; it is has been sealed to us by the Holy Spirit, our guarantee. The Spirit himself bears witness to our spirit that we are, indeed, children of God (Romans 8:15). See what all of that means! “Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God” (1 John 3:1).

This is our identity. We should be fully conscious of our identity. We are sons and daughters of God. Once, we belonged to the family of the devil. We were sons and daughters of disobedience. But now, we are transferred to the family of God, so we should live as sons and daughters being conformed to the image of His Son. We are now sons and daughters, just think of that! We are admitted to the presence of the Father because we are reconciled to Him through Christ. The throne is no longer veiled to us and we have an access to the Father. In times of distress and sorrow, we can cry for deliverance. We can pour out our hearts to the Father who listens. We can cast all of our anxieties to Him because He cares for us (1 Peter 5:7). Our response to these truths is to admit our total dependence to God like a child who relies entirely to his father. And since we are adopted into His family, we should care for the Father’s house. We should look out for the needs of our brothers and sisters in the faith. Share in their joys and sorrows. Care for them as if they are your blood kin. Finally, just as we aspire to be like our fathers, we should strive to be like our Father as He leads us to the path of holiness (Galatians 4; 1 Peter 1: 14-16; 1 John 3).

In Christ, We Have True Freedom


Too many poems, hymns, and novels were written under the melody of liberty. Truly, the sound of freedom is music to the ears. Tears will be brought into the eyes and smiles will be painted in the lips of those who will hear the words of emancipation. It is sweeter than honey; it is more beautiful than the breaking of dawn. But to us who has seen the beauty of the Lord, there is nothing more magnificent than the freedom that we now possess because of Jesus Christ.

But, what are the things which belong to such freedom? I’ll give some examples from the abounding grace we found in God’s love:

1. We are free to know the truth about God. Because of Christ who became Word made flesh, we have known the Father. We, who were once “slaves to sin” (John 8:34), have seen the light and known “the truth, and the truth [has set us free]” (v. 32) because the Son has set us free (v. 36) and also, the Truth Himself (John 14:6).

2. We are free to come to God. Because of Christ who is the only-begotten Son, we are adopted as sons and daughters of God. We now enjoy the freedom to draw near to Him through prayer for we know we have a Father who listens to the cries of His children. We know with full assurance and without doubt that he will provide us with all things necessary for body and soul, and will also turn to our good whatever adversity that will come to us in this valley of tears (Heidelberg Catechism 26). “We did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but we have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” (Romans 8:15).

3. We are free from the bondage of sin and the tyranny of the devil. Because of Christ who does not have sin yet became sin for us, we are now freed from the miry pit and accusations of the Devil. Before, we were “dead in the trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world” and “once lived in the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body and the mind, and were by nature children of wrath” (Ephesians 2:1-3). But because of the riches of God’s grace and His love for us, He “made us alive together with Christ” (v. 5) and through His precious blood, He redeemed and “freed us from all the power of the devil to make us his own possession” (Heidelberg Catechism 34).

4. We are free from the reign of death. Because of Christ who is the Lamb who died, death has been defeated and we are now freed from its power and condemnation (Romans 8:1-2). Our physical death is no longer a thing to be frightened of because it already has lost its might. “’Death is swallowed up in victory.’ ‘O death, where is your victory? O death, where is your sting?’ The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ” (1 Corinthians 15:54-57). To us who believe in Him, death now serves as an end of sinning and entrance to glory and joy in communion with God (Heidelberg Catechism 42).

5. We are free from our guilt. Because of Christ who is our High Priest who continually intercedes for us, we are free to “draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water” (Hebrews 10:21-22) since we have confidence “to enter the holy places by the blood of Jesus, by the new and living way that he opened for us through the curtain, that is, through his flesh” (v. 19-20).

6. We are free to live a life in service to the Lord. Because of Christ who is our righteousness, we are justified in the sight of God. Christ’s perfect performance is imputed to us as if it were our own. We are freed from living out of slavish fear or constant failure. We are free to live a life, a living sacrifice, that is pleasing to His eyes. We are empowered by the Spirit to live with filial fear and joy. And even if we fail, He remains faithful. He will pick us up and bind us together to walk again in the path of holiness. Because of what our Lord did, and because we are in Him, “we have boldness and access with confidence through our faith in him” (Ephesians 3:12).

Indeed, now, “the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom” (2 Corinthians 3:17). Therefore, we should “live as people who are free, not using your freedom as a cover-up for evil, but living as servants of God” (1 Peter 2:16).

Brief Thoughts on Gethsemane


Today marks what is traditionally called as Good Friday. This is the day when the Lord Jesus Christ was arrested and later crucified at the cross. It fits the occasion to read the Passion narratives in the gospel accounts.

The night in the garden of Gethsemane always remains a poignant scenery to me. In Matthew 26:35, the disciples firmly resolved that they will never leave the Lord no matter what.

“Even if I must die with you, I will not deny you,” they said.

Came the crowd with swords and clubs to arrest Jesus. What did they do?

“Then all the disciples left him and fled” (v. 56b).

Consider that these men left all to follow Him yet left Him for they knew not what. I cried because I know that if I would be in that moment, I will also do the same.

It is a testimony to human weakness. There might come times when we believe we are standing firmly in our faith only to find ourselves caving in when hard circumstances meet us. We are reminded of Peter who resolved strongly yet ended up weeping bitterly at disappointment of denying the Lord. But in spite of men’s weaknesses, Christ took the cup of wrath and offered Himself as a peace offering at the cross. The Word who became like us is the same High Priest who sympathizes and knows our weaknesses. Praise be to the One who was forsaken by His people yet is the One who will never forsake His people.

Hope for Restoration

Satan always wanted to lead God’s beloved into destruction. Our Lord Jesus told Peter that “Satan demanded to have [him].” But Christ prayed for him that his faith may not fail (Luke 22:31-32).

Thrice did Peter deny the Lord. But thrice did he also affirm his love to Him (John 18:15-27; 21:15-17).

In the same way, we are like Peter. We will fall at times but we will also rise. Isn’t it comforting to know that Satan has no power over us and that Christ prayed for us (John 17)? Now, we can live according to that comfort.

This is My Father’s World


“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.” (Genesis 1:1)

Most of us probably have started their year by committing themselves in a Bible reading plan. We are too acquainted with the Bible’s first verse. We can recite it by memory without a single sweat. That God has created all things is one of the cardinal doctrines that we Christians hold dear and believe as true. Our common confession starts with this fact; the Apostles Creed begins with the declaration “I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of Heaven and Earth…”

There are three things that we should consider at this point. First, the creation is a Trinitarian act—God the Father created the universe through the Son (John 1:3) and the Holy Spirit (Genesis 1:2; Job 33:4). Second, God created all things ex nihilo, or in other words, out of nothing. He spoke and things came into existence. Lastly, the creation of all things visible and invisible is God’s free act. It is not necessary. He is not obliged to create anything for only “by his will they existed and were created” (Rev. 4:11). Contrary to a popular opinion, God did not create the world because He was lonely. He is not in need of anything (Acts 17:25).

Just as the world and everything in it did not just sprout by its own will, the whole creation could not also take care of itself. At this point, we should maintain against the pantheists that neither the creation is an extension of God nor all of creation is God. On the other hand, we should also contend against the deists that God did not just leave the world to let it run at its own course. While creation is not a part of God, it is not independent from God. Unlike the watchmaker in the tired analogy, God did not forget the world like a watch in the road. Instead, He keeps it and upholds all things by His power and might (Acts 17:28; Hebrews 1:3). Under His divine providence, God orders and maintains the universe. He gives food (Psalm 136:25). He preserves “the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them” (Nehemiah 9:6). “In him all things hold together” (Colossians 1:17). God ordains and works all things according to His will and good purpose (Ephesians 1:11; Philippians 2:13).

The knowledge of these things does not just give us something to memorize. Knowing that God created all things out of nothing brings comfort to us—if He could create all things by His power then He could also keep us and frustrate the plans of the evil one. And He did, does, and will do! In the same way, we could also take refuge in His providence, which is over and above all things. Here, we know that all things come to pass under His fatherly hands. We should not doubt or worry since all things happen for the good of His children (Romans 8:28).

Oh, what comfort it is to us upon knowing that the God who is the Creator of all things and its Sustainer-King is also the same God who created us in His own image and a loving Father who cares for us! Because of Christ, His beloved Son, all of those in Him by faith have received the “Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, ‘Abba! Father!’” (Romans 8:15).

Our Lord invites us to look at His creation. Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin, but look at how they are well-tended! Look at the little birds in the sky, see how the Father feeds them! Even the hairs of our heads are all numbered. We should not worry; aren’t we of more value than they? (Matthew 6:25-34; 10:29-31).

Just like Maltbie Davenport Babcock, we could sing:

This is my Father’s world.
O let me ne’er forget
that though the wrong seems oft so strong,
God is the ruler yet.
This is my Father’s world:
why should my heart be sad?
The Lord is King; let the heavens ring!
God reigns; let the earth be glad!

Let us praise the LORD our Creator for all his glorious works (Psalm 104). Praises to our “God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist” (1 Corinthians 8:6).

“Think God’s Thought After Him”


Herman Bavinck:

“[F]rom the viewpoint of Christian orthodoxy, dogmatics is the knowledge that God has revealed in his Word to his church concerning himself and all creatures as they stand in relation to him. Though objections to this definition in the name of faith often miss the mark, it must never be forgotten that the knowledge of God, which is the true object of dogmatic theology, is only obtained by faith. God cannot be known by us apart from revelation received in faith. Dogmatics seeks nothing other than to be true to the faith-knowledge given in this revelation. Dogmatics is thus not the science of faith or of religion but the science about God. The task of the dogmatician is to think God’s thoughts after him and to trace their unity. This is a task that must be done in the confidence that God has spoken, in humble submission to the church’s teaching tradition, and for communicating the gospel’s message to the world.”

“The Science of Dogmatic Theology,” in Bavinck’s Reformed Dogmatics, vol. 1, ed. John Bolt and trans. John Vriend (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003)

Calvin’s Institutes: The Sum of Piety


In his introduction to the reader, John Calvin has disclosed two purposes in writing the Institutes of the Christian Religion: (1) “To benefit the church by maintaining the pure doctrine of godliness” and (2) “To prepare and instruct candidates in sacred theology for the reading of the Divine Word, in order that they may be able both to have access to it and to advance in it without stumbling.”1

He considered his work to have “embraced the sum of religion in all parts” so that “if anyone rightly grasps it, it will not be difficult for him to determine what he ought especially to seek in Scripture, and to what end he ought to relate its contents.” This goes without saying that in any of our advancement in the pursuit of theology, we are to study the Scriptures and seek for the treasure that is in there.

To those who are thinking to embark on a journey of studies in theology—to us who are earnest to love the Lord with all of our minds—remember the reason, the end, why we pursue such endeavor. One good thing to know, the title of Calvin’s magnum opus reminds its reader of its ultimate goal. Note that though the term ‘Institutio’ (which means instruction or education) is used in the title of this work, Calvin describes his massive book as a ‘summa pietas,’ that is the sum of piety. In fact, the Latin title of the first edition may be translated as:

The Institute of the Christian Religion, Containing almost the Whole Sum of Piety and Whatever It is Necessary to Know in the Doctrine of Salvation. A Work Very Well Worth Reading by All Persons Zealous for Piety, and Lately Published. A Preface to the Most Christian King of France, in Which this Book is Presented to Him as a Confession of Faith. Author, John Calvin, of Noyon. Basel, MDXXXVI.2

May we gain a true knowledge of God and of ourselves which bears the fruit of a pious life lived for God’s glory.

P. S. Why don’t you start the year by reading Calvin’s  Institutes?

[1] “To the Reader” in Calvin’s Institutes of Christian Religion, vol. 1, ed. John T. McNeill and trans. Ford Lewis Battles (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1960), p. 4.

[2] Ibid., p. xxxiii